China is huge and its civilization almost unthinkably ancient: traces of organized farming communities, including evidence of domesticated animals, have been dated back to at least 10,000 BC! These facts have sometimes caused Western observers to regard it as a vast, inert monolith.
The English civilization dates back to ancient times; modern-day England, as we know it, was essentially molded by the numerous conflicts and power struggles throughout England's violent history.
The modern cultural identity of France has developed through internal strife, foreign conflicts, and the immense influence of the early Frankish powers dating back to 3rd century AD. The term "France," however, actually stems directly from the Franks who lived in Charlemagne's Frankish lands up until the late Middle Ages when the Kingdom of France came into being.
Present day Germany is the result of the early Carolingian empire, AD 843. Early Germany consisted of numerous states, which were held together loosely by the feudal association. However, as French aggressors marched on the German land during the 19th century, Germany came together as one, and formed a confederacy that lasted until 1817.
The Korean culture has been cultivated through centuries of Mongolian, Chinese, and Japanese influence. With strong Chinese eminency and support, the kingdom of Silla reigned as a dominant force during the 4th century AD. Forces from Silla conquered the kingdoms of Koguryo and Paekche; thereby unifying the peninsula of Korea.
It was not until the 14th and 15th centuries that a powerful Russian state began to grow. Russia gradually began expanding to the southwest, and by the 18th century, the Russians had gained control of numerous major rivers, thereby giving Russia access to both the Black and the Baltic seas. With these routes open, the Russian economy prospered and the Russian Empire continued to grow at a steady rate.
The United States of America was the direct result of the American revolutionary war that ending with the Treaty of Paris, which gave the United States independence from Great Britain. By the late 1800's, the states had become divided into the north and the south. Competing nationalisms, preservation of the Union, political turmoil, the legality of slavery, were just a few of the many disagreements which led the divided states into one the bloodiest wars ever to take place on America's soil: the Civil War.